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Loss of or damage – does it include economic loss?

The Institute Cargo Clauses (1/1/82 & 1/1/09), the Institute Time Clauses Hulls (1/10/83 &...

Jagan February 13, 2023

General Average - Reasonableness

We were invited by the Gujarat Maritime Universityi to participate in a webinar conducted...

Jagan December 27, 2022

Mis-Delivery of Cargo – Time Bar–2

The English High Court recently held in FIM Bank PLC v KCH Shipping Co.,...

Jagan November 25, 2022

Art X - Hague Visby Rules

The recent Marine Brief of Kennedysi provided an update of a Australian judgement (MV...

Jagan October 30, 2022

Arbitration - Low Value Claims

Shipping is an international business and with participants often from different nationalities, locations, and...

Jagan October 14, 2022

Art IX of the Hague Rules

The NCovid19 pandemic forced all of us to change the way we both worked...

Jagan September 30, 2022

Back to Basics – Contract of Carriage

Shipowners are invariably in a better bargaining position and able to incorporate various clauses...

Jagan September 14, 2022

Which Document to issue?

Unitization including containerization has allowed cargo to be moved seamlessly between various modes of...

Jagan August 29, 2022

Bills of Lading – Title to Sue

One of the functions of a Bill of Lading (“B/L”) is that it acts...

Jagan August 15, 2022

Cargo Liens for Unpaid Hire / Freight

We were involved, some time back, in a situation in which Owners held lien...

Jagan July 28, 2022

Container Operators – Equipment related claims

We have, off late, been seeing some claims related to refrigerated cargo arising due...

Jagan July 15, 2022

STC - Logistics Service Providers

Standard Trading Conditions (“STC”)i,also known as General Conditions of Business, are standardized trading terms...

Jagan June 29, 2022

Container Issues – CY/CY & Detention

Although approx. 20%  of the seaborne cargo by tonnage is carried in container vessels,...

Jagan June 15, 2022

Maritime Arbitration - Wet Disputes

Dry shipping disputes generally relate to contractual breaches with respect to charter partiesi, contracts...

Jagan May 31, 2022

Diversity in Marine Insurance

The Late Sanjeev Bhandari was a doyen of the Marine Insurance field in India....

Jagan May 17, 2022

Bills of Lading - NVOCC's

A Bill of Lading (“B/L”) is perhaps the most important shipping document given that...

Jagan May 12, 2022

Cash on Delivery

Cash on delivery (“COD”) is a common business termi used generally for the sale...

Jagan April 11, 2022

General Average – CMA CGM Libra and Rule D Defence

During one of the webinars we attended, the case of The CMA CGM Libra...

Jagan March 29, 2022

Standard Trading Conditions – Incorporation

We had earlier written another article on Standard Trading Conditions and which can be...

Jagan March 7, 2022

Which Dispute Resolution Process?

Disputes invariably arise in International business and which may be due to many factors...

Jagan February 16, 2022

Notice of Readiness

There have been enough tomesi written on Notice of Readiness (“NOR”) and the intention...

Jagan December 22, 2021

Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Award in India by in rem Action

A Foreign Arbitral award can be enforced in India in the following three ways:...

Jagan December 15, 2021

The Singapore Multimodal Transport Act 2021 – 2

Following our earlier article, The Singapore Multimodal Transport Act 2021 (“SMTA 21”), we were...

Jagan November 23, 2021

The Singapore Multimodal Transport Act 2021

The Singapore parliament, on 05th Jan 2021, passed the Multimodal Transport Billi  to facilitate...

Jagan November 1, 2021